While it may be difficult to determine pizza fritta’s exact origins, 22-year-old Francesca Stanziola, a Naples local who manages the bed and breakfast Museo19, believes the food is an emblem of Neapolitan pride. The method is straightforward: Make pizza dough using 00 flour, a super-soft, high-protein flour that’s the hallmark of true Neapolitan pizza. Gino flash-fries at just the right temperature for a crisp, non-greasy outside and warm, gooey center. The phenomenon even made its way into Vittorio de Sica’s 1954 film L'Oro di Napoli (The Gold of Naples), which contains six chapters set in the city. The secret for a perfect calzone is to make sure all the air is taken out before frying it. The pizza is filled with the ingredients, folded in half and fried in the hot oil. No money from the licence fee was used to create this website. But I think [pizza fritta] was built on [cooking] traditions that were already there.". Housewives sold it on the streets to supplement the family’s income. It’s very versatile and can be filled with virtually anything: traditional “cicoli” Neapolitan salami with ricotta or provolone; mozzarella and ham; or even sautéed greens like broccoli rape. “I was already famous here before he [Oliver] came,” Miano declared, as if reading my mind. Miano, who is lovingly referred to by locals and tourists as “Nonna Fernanda”, learned from her mother how to make pizza fritta on this very street, where the family business has been running for decades. He also cites pizza fritta’s affiliation with the lower classes as a reason for it losing its allure during this time period. Be careful not to burn your mouth, you will grown impatient and want to eat one right away! https://joydellavita.com/recipe-how-to-make-pizza-fritta-fried-pizza-naples-italy He says that’s when trendy Naples restaurants reintroduced it on their menus and photos of pizza fritta garnered attention on social media. Round, called ‘montanare’ or half moon ‘calzone.” For the dough, which is the same as for classic oven pizza, Gino uses only a miniscule pinch of leavening to create chewy, never spongy, dough. Add mozzarella, oregano, thyme, salt, pepper and a drizzle of olive oil. If you can’t get to Naples, make Gino’s fried pizza at home wit the recipe below. I usually make them about the size … But if the lines are too long to get in, which they always always are, enjoy a steaming hot pizza fritta at his small fried pizza spot just a few doors down. https://www.greatitalianchefs.com/recipes/fried-pizza-recipe Than you don't want to miss "Where to Eat the Best Pizza in Naples.". One of the common filling is tomato sauce, mozzarella, … Let it rise for a while for the best elasticity and flavor—24 hours is ideal—and then stretch the dough by hand. She moved quickly, using her fingers to knead dough that was made of Tipo 00 extra-fine flour, yeast, water and a pinch of salt. She shot to international stardom shortly after. Prep time: 20 minutes, plus 8 hours passive, 2 cups, about 1 pound, organic “0” or pizza flour, Sunflower or other vegetable oil for frying, Gino’s suggested fillings: sheep’s milk ricotta, thinly sliced “ciccioli”-Neapolitan pork salami, diced smoked provolone cheese, diced fresh peeled tomatoes, black pepper. The first time I met 82-year-old Fernanda Miano was on a sweltering afternoon in early August. The less desirable parts of vegetables, like artichoke stems, were also used. “I'm not totally convinced about the theory that it suddenly sprung up after World War Two because there was no food around and it was easier to fry than bake. Pour oil into a small frypan until it’s just covering the bottom of the pan by about 1/2 a centimetre. She then added scoops of crushed tomatoes, pork scratchings, mozzarella and ricotta. The money we make from it is re-invested to help fund the BBC’s international journalism. The recipe is the same as the pizza dough, a disc is flattened, then a topping of tomato, mozzarella, meat is laid on it, then another pizza layer is placed on top, the sides are sealed pressing the edges with fingers and it is deep-fried until crispy. When you’re in Naples be sure to have a classic wood oven baked pizza at Gino’s famed restaurant on Via dei Tribunali. The dish is so highly regarded that Unesco granted it World Heritage status in 2017. Combine flour, yeast and salt in a food processor. The Italian dish of pizza fritta (plural pizze fritte) originates in Southern-central Italy, and is usually made by frying a disk of pizza dough before applying toppings and serving. I nodded. This is why I have trust issues. Carefully place the dough into the oil one at a time, and cook for around a minute each side until it puffs up and turns golden brown on both sides. “Fernanda is a true Neapolitan woman. Neapolitan pizza is also the inspiration behind New York-style pizza, which Italian immigrants introduced to the United States in the early 20th Century. Unable to access – let alone afford – traditional pizza, locals began deep-frying dough and using lower-quality ingredients – such as anchovies and broccoli – purchased spoiled or out of season to make what became known as pizza fritta. https://www.delallo.com/recipes/make-fried-pizza-pizza-fritta For any business oppurtunities: email@example.com. Turn machine on and add 1/2 cup water and 2 tablespoons oil through feed tube. Finally, the concoction was flash fried in oil until the filling had melted and the outside was crisp and puffy. Divide the dough into 4 balls and let rise at room temperature, covered in a clean cloth, for about 8 hours. The smell of these frying makes your mouth water instantly whether home or festivals. Miano was not surprised that I was curious about her. “Pizza fritta is a simple food, easy to make at home because unlike classic pizza you don’t need a wood burning stove, just a frying pan,” explains Gino. “Our slogan is ‘Pizza fritta like you have never eaten it before’,” she said. Felicity Cloake > tries deep-fried versus dry-fried… “There were no ingredients for making pizza and many of the ovens were actually destroyed by the bombings… People had to get creative and ingenious to find replacements for missing ingredients.”. Neapolitans in particular have a cult-like devotion to fried fare, especially pizza fritta—fried pizza. https://www.thrillist.com/eat/nation/fried-pizza-neapolitan-style Heat enough oil in a deep-sided skillet to cover one pizza at a time. The traditional Neapolitan way to make pizza was to fry it, says Bob Granleese . ! Forcella But De Cham says she noticed that when she first entered the food industry, many people viewed her favourite dish as “junk food” and avoided it. Pizza fritta is the lesser-known cousin of Neapolitan pizza. Add the olive oil, butter, garlic and crushed … https://www.jamieoliver.com/recipes/bread-recipes/fried-pizza-pizza-fritta It emerged as a result of poverty during World War Two, when Naples suffered roughly 200 air raids by the Allies, according to Simone Cinotto, associate professor of modern history at the Università di Scienze Gastronomiche in Pollenzo, Italy, and author of The Italian American Table: Food, Family, and Community in New York City. She flashed a proud and knowing look, something between a smile and a smirk. When I was little, I would always have pizza fritta on Sunday mornings,” she recalled. When most people think of Neapolitan pizza, also known as Naples-style pizza, they think of thin-crust pizza baked in a wood-fired brick oven. … Miano put out her cigarette, gestured for me to sit in the chair she was vacating and got to work. Eat while warm. She beamed whenever a neighbour stopped to chat or someone waved from a motorbike as they whizzed by. Fry in hot olive oil till they are golden brown (you'll have to flip sides while frying, I would use salad tongs to do this, drain on paper towels and serve when you have fried them all. Savoury vs Sweet Italian fried dough. Cut off a piece of dough, and roll it out on a well floured surface. “Pizza fritta”, the lesser-known cousin of Neapolitan pizza, emerged as a result of poverty amid World War Two and was known as “the pizza of the people”. She opened her eponymous, all-women-run restaurant two years ago in Naples’ Rione Sanità neighbourhood after working at Pizzeria Gino Sorbillo at and La Masardona, both hot spots hailed for their pizza fritta. Preparation. She was sitting in a plastic chair and smoking a cigarette in an alleyway outside a basso (street-level home) that she operates as a humble food stall in the historic Naples neighbourhood of Quartieri Spagnoli. These traditions of frying food, however, dipped in popularity over time. This pizza dough kit uses real … Heat to a temperature of 400 degrees F. Stretch each section into a flat circle, pressing down with your palm to flatten it. Read about our approach to external linking. I noticed that this happened very frequently. Like this story? A handpicked selection of stories from BBC Future, Culture, Worklife and Travel, delivered to your inbox every Friday. By Sarah Weinberg. A pizza makes a perfect snack meal for one and this particular recipe (the basis of which I learned from Elizabeth David in her lovely book, Italian Food), is made very quickly indeed in a frying-pan. She, like many of her friends, has parents and grandparents eager to pass on the stories about the city’s traditions and history – including pizza fritta. Knead on a floured work surface until smooth, 10 to 12 minutes. But Miano seemed more pleased about her status as a local legend. You can fill it with anything else you would like. She was featured on his TV show Jamie Cooks Italian, which prompted a surge in tourists visiting her shop. Turn the heat to medium/low. “If you look at [Italian] recipe books, even from the 1500s, you do find fried food, fried dough,” said Fabio Parasecoli, professor of food studies in the Department of Nutrition and Food Studies at New York University. www.bbc.com/travel/story/20201116-italys-beloved-fried-pizza Fried pizza, a less-expensive alternative nicknamed “pizza of the people,” was filled with less expensive ingredients like pork crackling and ricotta. It is also wonderful plain, served with a side of tomato sauce for dipping. Place them on an oiled cookie sheet and drizzle with a little olive oil. But not everyone is convinced that pizza fritta’s origins are as straightforward as portrayed in popular culture. Dissolve the yeast in 1 1/3 cups of warm water in a bowl, and then sift in the flour and salt. The Crust Of This Pizza Is Actually Fried Chicken. She watched as I bit into it and she asked, “Buono?” (“Good?”). She decided that she wanted to elevate pizza fritta’s image from “old-school” ingredients – like Nonna Fernanda’s pork scratchings – and created a menu dedicated to elegant variations such as crispy octopus, seared escarole and Stilton cheese. Dubbed “the pizza of the people”, street vendors – including Miano’s family – sold the item to struggling customers as “a ogge a otto”, meaning they could eat it that day and pay for it eight days later. Once hot (test with a wooden chopstick and look for bubbles). The toppings, of course, are flexible: once you have made the base a few times and got the feel of it, you can be wonderfully inventive. After WWII, the city found itself in crisis, and the materials needed for pizza —mozzarella and even wood for the ovens—became a luxury. Use Gino’s excellent dough recipe or use store bought pizza dough. Drain on absorbent paper and repeat with the other three pizzas. Stanziola, in fact, was the one who suggested I visit Miano’s no-frills stall during my stay in Naples. In 2018, British chef Jamie Oliver visited her to learn how to make pizza fritta himself. Cover with plastic wrap and … Another piece of dough was added as a top layer. Times were so hard that customers could even get pizza fritta on credit: called pizza-at-eight, “pizza a otto,” it was eaten on the spot but paid for eight days later. Most people are familiar with the sweet Italian fried dough called Zeppole or Struffoli, This recipe is a savoury fried dough served with aperitifs especially … According to Cinotto, the urban, middle class in the south of the country, where pizza fritta was common, did not view fried food favourably again until the last decade. Put the ricotta, salami, provolone and a tablespoon of diced tomatoes in the center. In the chapter “Pizze a Credito” (Pizza on Credit), a young Sophia Loren portrayed a pizza fritta maker cheating on her husband. Pull on the two ends a bit and slowly lower into the hot oil Fry in the hot oil, about 1/2 minute per side, until golden. Spread the sauce on top of the miniature pizzas. Italians have lots of charming expressions about how fabulous fried food tastes: Fritti sono buoni anche gli zampi delle sedie,“ Fried, even chair legs are delicious” and Fritto é buono tutto, anche l’aria, “Everything is good fried, even the air,”. There aren’t many people like her left,” she told me. When dough has risen, preheat broiler to high heat with the rack set about 6 inches below the broiler … If you liked this story, sign up for the weekly bbc.com features newsletter called "The Essential List". View image of Nonna Fernanda is considered one of Naples' best pizza fritta makers (Credit: Credit: Erika Hobart), How to make pizza like a Neapolitan master, The Italian American Table: Food, Family, and Community in New York City, View image of Although Neapolitan pizza is most often associated with Naples, fried pizza is the city’s beloved street food (Credit: Credit: Marialba.italia/Getty Images), View image of Sorbillo Esterina in the historical centre of Naples is famous for its takeaway fried pizza (Credit: Credit: Stuart Black/Alamy), View image of Modern chefs like Isabella de Cham are elevating pizza fritta from its rustic roots by using ingredients like octopus (Credit: Credit: Erika Hobart), View image of Pizza fritta originated during World War Two when locals could neither access nor afford traditional pizza (Credit: Credit: Kontrolab/Getty Images), sign up for the weekly bbc.com features newsletter. Delia's Pan-fried Pizza Amalfitan recipe. Cinotto notes that people in Italy started to become more health-conscious in the 1980s and ‘90s. It’s called Pizza Fritta da Fernanda and the menu consists of just pizza fritta (fried pizza) in two sizes: grande (large) for €3 and piccola (small) for €2. This website is produced by BBC Global News Ltd, a commercial company owned by the BBC (and just the BBC). Fried Food in Italy - Guide to Italy's Best Deep-Fried Cuisine [Yes], that’s all true. Italian fried dough is pizza dough, deep-fried, and sprinkled with either powdered sugar, granulated sugar, and some cinnamon sugared. Process for about 30 seconds, … He added that the technology and market for fried foods existed and was documented in Italy since well before World War Two, but that pizza fritta was likely a specific result that emerged from the crisis. Basil leaves can be added on for additional flavor onto the … Naples-born Gino Sorbillo, Italy’s famed pizzaiuolo, made one for me recently explaining, “Pizza fritta comes in different shapes. “Whatever you fry becomes palatable,” Cinotto said. For the sauce, cut the basil leaves into thin pieces and add them into the pizza sauce. One of those popular pizzerias is owned by 27-year-old Isabella de Cham. Miano wrapped the end result in paper and handed it to me. I ordered a grande pizza fritta from her, unaware that it was going to be as big as my head. 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Fritta Pizza starts and ends with an Italian crust that’s been fried to a light caramel color, giving the dough an incredible flavor you don’t get from just the oven. https://www.food.com/recipe/pizza-fritta-fried-pizza-dough-261602 Join more than three million BBC Travel fans by liking us on Facebook, or follow us on Twitter and Instagram. “Pizza fritta really looks like a wartime food,” Cinotto said. “I’m very busy and can only talk to you when I’m working,” she said. She agreed to tell me more about herself, but only after I ordered three pizza fritta from her. Season with black pepper, fold over and pinch the edges closed, taking care to leave an air pocket in the center. Get the recipe: Fried Pizza with Burrata and Fresh Basil. Test the oil … “If you visit Naples and want to understand and appreciate its history, you have to try pizza fritta like hers.”, Pizza fritta really looks like a wartime food. “I have always liked pizza fritta. She says it’s especially important because her generation could be the last to experience the people and businesses that survived World War Two. Now UK pizza obsessives are coming up with their own versions. You may also be interested in: • How to make pizza like a Neapolitan master • New York's 'real' Little Italy • Georgia's addictive cousin to pizza. When I returned a few weeks later to see Miano again, she was sitting again in the plastic chair outside her store, this time sans cigarette. Heat a medium to large soup pot over medium-low heat. https://www.italymagazine.com/featured-story/pizza-fritta-other-neapolitan-pizza He stretches a round, fills it and pulls the ends into a whimsical mimicry of the clown Pulcinello’s hat. And again, she flashed me that proud and knowing look, something between a smile and a smirk. Pizza fritta is the lesser-known cousin of Neapolitan pizza. Heat a large cast iron skillet with oil (about 1 inch deep). 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