Adults of the two species are easily distinguished, since the masked shrike has white on its head and a dark rump, whereas the woodchat shrike has a black crown, rusty nape and white rump. Scarlet runner bean, Phaseolus coccineus, is an annual vine. [3][11] The female is a duller version of the male, with brownish-black upperparts and a grey or buff tinge to the white shoulder patches and underparts. Orchards and other cultivated land with suitable old trees or large hedges are also used by this species. A later synonym from 1844 was L. leucometopon from the Greek leukos, "white", and metopon, "forehead", describing a feature of the distinctive head pattern. [12], The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) estimates the European population of the masked shrike to be between 105,000–300,000 individuals, suggesting a global total of 142,000–600,000 birds. Some individuals show faint dark barring on the chest. The throat, neck sides and underparts are white, with orange on the flanks and breast. in September 2014. The song, up to a minute long, is soft for a shrike, with chattering sounds interspersed with rich warbles. Following this separation, images have been relabelled where the identification was clear. This medium-sized passerine is the smallest shrike at 17-18cm in length. The fields around Pervolia this morning had migrants feeding there -four juvenile Collared Pratincole, at least 40 Western Yellow Wagtail (see photo), a female Masked Shrike and a lovely male Red-backed Shrike posing on a dried artichoke head (see photo). [20], Male masked shrikes sing from perches in their territories from early April, sometimes chasing or competing vocally with neighbouring males. [19], The masked shrike's preferred habitat is open woodland with bushes and some large trees. The parrots that build "bird condominiums" : The, The record holder for speaking most words: the common. Jose . It is the smallest member of its genus, long-tailed and with a hooked bill. The masked shrike (Lanius nubicus) is a bird in the shrike family, Laniidae. [13] Eggs are laid from April to June, mainly in May in the lowlands and about a month later in the mountains. © Ryan Merrill | Macaulay Library Washington, February 19, 2017 The altricial downy chicks are fed by both parents until they fledge 18–20 days later. We were also pleased to see a pair of Sombre Tits come in for a drink. The male has mainly black upperparts, with white on its crown, forehead and supercilium and large white patches on the shoulders and wings. Although the population appears to be declining, the decrease is not rapid enough to trigger the IUCN vulnerability criteria. In some areas breeding occurs at greater altitudes, up to 2,000 m (6,600 ft). Most other shrikes use high, exposed branches throughout the year, but the masked shrike only uses conspicuous locations at the start of the breeding season, otherwise choosing lower, more sheltered spots. It may occur in gardens and resorts on migration, and in winter again prefers open country with thorny bushes and large trees like acacia or introduced eucalyptus. Sexes are similar, but young birds are washed-out versions of the adults. Again a juvenile, as were the other two records. It breeds in southeastern Europe and at the eastern end of the Mediterranean, with a separate population in eastern Iraq and western Iran. Its upperparts, crown, long tail and wings are mainly black; there are large white patches on the wings which are conspicuous in flight. Taiga Flycatcher, South Shields, Durham (Matthew Mellor).. Kent's first Masked Shrike – a first-winter – was another of the week's big hitters, residing on the county's north coast at Reculver on 17-18th. A delicate-looking long-tailed shrike with striking black-and-white plumage. On rare occasions, males may sing in flight. There are large white slashes across the shoulders. The crown and nape are grey, with a typical shrike black bandit mask through the eye. The 3rd record of Masked Shrike in Britain, at Kilnsea, E.Yorks. ... Masked Shrike February 2014. In the area behind the trough some Corn Buntings were seen. It also nests in eastern Iraq and western Iran. Autumn migration is in full swing along the east coast with Yorkshire’s first masked shrike and only the third for Britain in the Triangle at Spurn. Juvenile Loggerhead Shrike with faint barring on the underparts, which will wear off quicker than on a first year Northern Shrike. [3] It is constructed in a tree 1.5–10 m (4.9–32.8 ft) above the ground and averages 170 mm (6.7 in) wide and 65 mm (2.6 in) deep, with the cup 75 mm (3.0 in) across and a 35 mm (1.4 in) in depth. Note white chin. [11][13] Because passerines have relatively weak legs, impalement holds the corpse while it is dismembered. [24] Individual birds may be very tame, following a gardener or feeding close to an observer. It is migratory, wintering mainly in northeast Africa. The nest is a neat cup built in a tree by both adults, and the clutch is normally 4–6 eggs, which are incubated by the female for 14–16 days until hatching. They are dependent on the adults for about 3–4 weeks after leaving the nest. Please contact them directly with respect to any copyright or licensing questions. [13] It perches upright, frequently cocking its tail, and has an easy, agile flight. Grey Francolin December 2013. [12], The male has mainly black upperparts, a white crown, forehead and supercilium. The range in the east is uncertain, and may include Afghanistan and northern Saudi Arabia. The juvenile has grey-brown upperparts with a paler forehead and barring from the head to rump, barred off-white underparts and brown wings аpart from the white primary patches. The large numbers and extensive breeding range of about 353,000 km2 (136,000 sq mi),[26] mean that this shrike is classified by the IUCN as being of least concern. The burly, bull-headed Northern Shrike is a pint-sized predator of birds, small mammals, and insects. This adaptation is otherwise only found in falcons. Elements of the display are shared with other shrikes, but stepping-down and bowing on the move appear to be confined to this species. It sometimes hunts from prominent perches, like other shrikes, but as often from semi-cover. Forages mainly on arthropods, which it locates from prominent perches. It occurs in lowlands and in hills up to 1,000 m (3,300 ft). The face is white except for a broad black line running back from the eye. Often pumps its long tail. Photo 4. However when news broke of a juvenile Masked Shrike at Kilrenny in Fife my plans were suitably changed! Wadi Degla seems good for the Masked Shrike and I found a female Red-backed Shrike last year at the Gezira Club. I found two male birds in the area, which took a bit of work but was well worth it. The Masked Shrike, Lanius nubicus, is a member of the shrike family Laniidae. It shares the striped pattern, but on the rear of the dorsal fin, there is a very prominent ocellus, a false eye. Masked Shrike. Although it is a short-range migrant, vagrants have occurred widely elsewhere, including northern and western Europe. Martial Eagle Adult female April 2019. It maintains a breeding territory of 2–5 ha (5–12 acres) and is also territorial on the wintering grounds, defending an area of about 3 ha (7 acres). Pale wing patch is noticeable in flight. J. Jose605 Well-known member. The Silver Lace Vine grows up to 12 feet the very first year. Both the male and female have a grey back, forehead and crown, a distinctive black mask across the face, and a whitish throat and underparts, which are sometimes tinged grey. Once home RBA revealed a juvenile Masked Shrike had been reported at Spurn in East Yorkshire. Jun 11, 2020 #4 Photo 3. The iris is brown, the bill is black and the legs are dark brown or black. Juveniles are more similar, but the masked shrike has a longer tail, paler face, and grey back and rump, whereas the woodchat shrike has a sandy back and pale grey rump. Masked Shrike: Remove filter: Rarity level : Select how rare the species in the photos should be: Species : Select a species to look for (if you wish): Location : Select the region and county to look in (if you wish): ... juvenile: Taken: Sat, 20 Sep 2014 : Spurn (Yorkshire) Uploaded: Sat, 20 Sep 2014 : In Somalia this bird is now rare. Although unafraid of humans, it is aggressive to its own species and other birds which infringe on its territory. It sometimes hunts from prominent perches, like other shrikes, but as often from semi-cover. The masked shrike has no subspecies. It breeds in southeastern Europe and the eastern end of the Mediterranean, with a separate population in western Iran. [2] The affiliations of the masked shrike with other members of the genus are uncertain; the "brown" shrikes (brown, red-backed and isabelline shrikes) and tropical species like the Somali fiscal have both been suggested as possible relatives. Jun 11, 2020 #3 Thanks a lot Pavel! Avianweb / BeautyOfBirds or any of their authors / publishers assume no responsibility for the use or misuse of any of the published material. Most birds leave the breeding areas in late August and September, and return north in February and March. It was once thought that this behaviour was shown mainly by male shrikes in the breeding season, but this is not the case. It is migratory, wintering in northeast Africa. The family Laniidae consists of 31 species in three genera, if the Southern Grey Shrike and Great Grey Shrike are accepted as separate species which the author recommends. [10], The masked shrike is the smallest of its genus, a slender bird which usually weighs 20–23 g (0.71–0.81 oz), measuring 17–18.5 cm (6.7–7.3 in) long with a 24–26.5 cm (9.4–10.4 in) wingspan. The juvenile has heavily vermiculated grey upperparts, and white underparts which are also vermiculated. A bold black mask and stout, hooked bill heighten the impression of danger in these fierce predators. Often pumps its long tail. Breeds in thick Mediterranean scrub. The juvenile Dusky Wrasse, diminutive at just over three centimeters, takes this a step further. The Heroes that Were Pigeons: The Smart “Rescue and War” Pigeons [4] Lanius is the Latin for a butcher, and comes from the shrikes' habit of impaling prey, reminiscent of a butcher hanging carcasses,[5] and nubicus means "Nubian" (from northeast Africa). Afterwards we take the wing and tail lengths. Resplendent Quetzals - The Rare Jewel Birds of the World. A delicate-looking long-tailed shrike with striking black-and-white plumage. Size comparison with Great Tit. Masked Shrike, an adult male. We walked closer to get a better view. Replacement clutches are laid in June or July if the nest fails, and second broods appear to be common in at least some areas. [3] Vertebrates are killed by bill blows to the back of the head, and the tomial teeth are then used to separate the neck bones. It is migratory, wintering south of the Sahara, mainly in Chad, Sudan and Ethiopia. Masked shrikes of both sexes are known to impale in winter and on migration. They are short-necked birds with rounded wings and a hooked tip to the bill. In flight it also shows a larger white wing-patch.. The Smallest Bird on Earth Weighs Less than a Penny! The male has completely white underparts, while the female has a rufous flank patch. The species is declining in Greece and Turkey because of habitat loss, and a large decrease in Israel is thought to be due to pesticides. [8] "Shrike", first recorded in 1545, derives from the shrill cries given by this family,[9] and the traditional common name "butcher-bird" again refers to the characteristic prey storage,[6] and has been in use since at least 1668. The bill may be snapped when the bird is agitated. Please contact them directly with respect to any copyright or licensing questions. It uses material from Wikipedia.org ... Additional information and photos added by Avianweb. A few days in the Akamas area 6th - 8th August produced several adult and juvenile Masked Shrike, a male and a female Woodchat Shrike and among the first return migrating Lesser Grey Shrike and Red-backed Shrike. There are large white patches on the shoulders and primaries, and the outermost tail feathers are also white. Smaller numbers are found west to eastern Mali and Nigeria, and in northern Kenya and southern Saudi Arabia. The species' calls are short and grating, but the song has melodic warbler-like components. Photo: James Barber. The juvenile has grey-brown upperparts with a paler forehead and barring from the head to rump, barred off-white underparts and brown wings аpart from the white primary patches. The chicks are fed by both parents until they fledge 18–20 days later, and remain dependent on the adults for about 3–4 weeks after leaving the nest. Photo: Jean Iron. It doesn't get much better than this really, an absolute stunner, especially in flight when they are really striking. Photo 2. It is the smallest member of its genus, long-tailed and with a hooked bill. Grey-headed Bush-Shrike May 2019. terms. [13] It resembles the songs of Hippolais species, particularly the olive-tree warbler. Greater Honeygude juvenile April 2019. Masked Shrike eats large insects, small birds, voles and lizards which it impales on thorns or barbed wire as a "larder". Bimaculated Lark December 2013. Following this separation, images have been relabelled where the identification was clear. Birds will hold small territories on about 0.5 hectares (1.2 acres) on migration, and, unlike other shrikes, may congregate in significant numbers. [13], This species is seen in Egypt, Jordan and Israel much more often in spring than autumn, suggesting that the southern movement may be concentrated further east. Your use of this website indicates your agreement to these Britain and Ireland Stop Press Gallery. [3], The masked shrike was described by German explorer and naturalist Martin Lichtenstein in 1823 under its current scientific name. Prey is usually taken from the ground, but occasionally picked off foliage or caught in the air with an agile flycatcher-like flight. White-crested Helmet-Shrike juvenile May 2019. [15], The masked shrike breeds in the Balkans, northeast Greece and some of the Greek islands, Turkey, Cyprus and from Syria south to Israel. 6.5.20. [15], The nest, built by both sexes, is a small, neat cup of rootlets, stems and twigs, lined with wool or hair, and adorned with lichen externally. Please note: Any content published on this site is commentary or opinion, and is protected under Free Speech. The male has mainly black upperparts, with whit… The masked shrike's preferred habitat is open woodland with bushes and some large trees. Terms Of Use / Copyright Restrictions, Site Privacy Policy | Report Abuse | Website Administrator | Web Design by Drupal Development Services. Common Kestrel December 2013. There is a small white wing patch, and the bill and legs are dark grey. Female like male but duller, with juvenile grayer and more barred on the upperparts and sides. Copyright: Wikipedia. Despite the huge distance I agreed instantly. The eggs average 20 mm × 16 mm (0.79 in × 0.63 in) in size and are variable in colour, with a background of grey, cream or yellow, diffuse grey blotches, and a ring of brown markings. Found along forest edge and in forest clearings, lush woodland, cultivations, and gardens. [27], Numbers have declined in recent decades in Europe, although Bulgaria, Greece and Cyprus still have several thousand breeding pairs. It is a common species in Turkey, Cyprus, Israel and Syria. It breeds in southeastern Europe and at the eastern end of the Mediterranean, with a separate population in eastern Iraq and western Iran. Shrikes fatten up before migration, but to a lesser extent than other passerines because they can feed on the way, sometimes taking other tired migrants. [13] This species may also be infected by parasites, such as an eyeworm,[21] a tick, Hyalomma marginatum,[22] and at least two species of Haemoproteus blood parasites. The male may also give a fluttering, zigzagging flight display. The nest is built in a tree and 4-7 eggs are laid. Sea watching was quiet with not much movement yet, although I had several Gull-billed and Whiskered Tern, a… The kill may be impaled on thorns or barbed wire as a "larder" for immediate or later consumption. Turkey is a stronghold with up to 90,000 pairs. Please Note: The articles or images on this page are the sole property of the authors or photographers. [25] Despite its relatively small size, the masked shrike has been recorded as killing species such as lesser whitethroat and little swift. [3], The masked shrike is a solitary species except when on migration. The throat, neck sides and underparts are white, with orange flanks and breast. Juvenile similar to juvenile Woodchat Shrike but has greyer upperparts, is heavily barred, the forehead and eyebrow are whitish, with a finer bill and longer tail. Adult Loggerhead Shrike shows black mask extending over bill. Female like male but duller, with juvenile grayer and more barred on the upperparts and sides. [13], Vertebrate predators of young birds include cats and crows. The female is sometimes fed by her mate while she crouches with spread wings and gives begging calls. A. aeshna5 Well-known member. Looks like a juvenile Masked Shrike. [13][14], Juveniles moult their head, body and some wing feathers a few weeks after fledging, and adults have a complete moult after breeding. Clean white breast as … [6][7] The bird was independently described by Dutch zoologist Coenraad Temminck in 1824 as Lanius personatus, from the Latin personatus "masked",[5] referring, as does the English name, to the bird's appearance, but the older name takes precedence. The masked shrike eats mainly large insects, occasionally small vertebrates; it sometimes impales its prey on thorns or barbed wire. [3] The masked shrike breeds in its first year, but its average life span is unknown. 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2020 masked shrike juvenile